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THE BASICS OF MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY OF THE GASTRO.INTESTINAL SYSTEM IN SEVEN DAYS (FIRST DAY)

THE BASICS OF MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY OF THE GASTRO.INTESTINAL SYSTEM IN SEVEN DAYS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Nguyen Phuoc Vinh Co is a retired teacher. After he retired from teaching in 2018, he devoted himself particularly to the study of the language of medicine in which he was previously interested. For 20 years previous to that, he taught English for ESP at Da Nang University (1995-2015). He runs a ‘specialized English’ website to help students learn English for ESP. His interests include medical English, ESP, and Translation Studies.

Nguyen Phuoc Vinh Co

Bao Nguyen

Hai anh

FIRST DAY

CONTENTS

I. MEDICAL SPECIALTIES RELATED TO THE GASTRO.INTESTINAL SYSTEM

II. DEFINITIONS OF MEDICAL SPECIALTIES

III. TERMS OF MEDICAL SPECIALISTS

IIII. GASTRO.INTESTINAL SPECIALIST AND THEIR GENERAL JOB DESCRIPTION

V. MEDICAL SPECIALTIES ENDING IN THE SUFFIX ‘-LOGY’

VI. MEDICAL SPECIALISTS ENDING IN ‘-LOGIST’

VII. WORD ROOT, PREFIX, SUFFIX USED ON THE FIRST DAY

VIII. EXERCISE

___________________________________________________________________________________

FIRST DAY:

_______________

BE FAMILIAR WITH:

I. MEDICAL SPECIALTIES RELATED TO THE GASTRO.INTESTINAL SYSTEM

1. Gastro.entero.logy

2. Hepato.logy

3. Procto.logy

4. Peri.odonto.logy

II. DEFINITIONS OF MEDICAL SPECIALTIES

1. Gastro.entero.logy /ˌɡastrəʊɛntəˈrɒlədʒi/: The branch of medicine that is concerned with disorders of the stomach and intestines.

2. Hepato.logy /ˌhɛpəˈtɒlədʒi /: The branch of medicine concerned with the liver and its diseases .

3. Procto.logy /prɒkˈtɒlədʒi/: The branch of medicine concerned with the disorders of the rectum and anus.

4. Peri.odonto.logy/ˌpɛrɪədɒnˈtɒlədʒɪ/: The branch of dentistry concerned with the study and treatment of diseases of the periodontium.

NOTES:

* ‘To be concerned with’ can be replaced by ‘to deal with’ in the above definitions.

– The branch of medicine which deals with ( = is concerned with) disorders of the stomach and intestines.

– The branch of medicine concerned with ( = dealing with) diseases of the stomach and intestines.

III. TERMS OF MEDICAL SPECIALISTS

1. Gastro.entero.logist /ˌɡastrəʊˌɛntəˈrɒlədʒɪst/: A doctor who specializes in diseases of the digestive system. Syn. GI doctor.

2. Hepato.logist /ˌhɛpəˈtɒlədʒist/: A doctor who treats disorders in the body parts such as the liver, biliary tree, the gallbladder, and the pancreas. Syn. Liver specialist.

3. Procto.logist /prɒkˈtɒlədʒist/: A doctor who specializes in diseases of the rectum and anus. Syn. Colo.rectal surgeon

IIII. GASTRO.INTESTINAL SPECIALIST AND THEIR GENERAL JOB DESCRIPTION

1. A gastro.entero.logist specializes in diseases of the digestive system.

2. A hepato.logist is a specialist in disorders in the body parts such as the liver, biliary tree, the gallbladder, and the pancreas.

3. A procto.logist specializes in diseases of the rectum and anus.

V. MEDICAL SPECIALTIES ENDING IN -LOGY

– Gastro.entero.logy

– Hepato.logy

– Procto.logy

– Peri.odonto.logy

VI. MEDICAL SPECIALISTS ENDING IN ‘-LOGIST’

1. Gastro.entero.logist

2. Hepato.logist

3. Procto.logist

VII. WORD ROOT, PREFIX, SUFFIX USED ON THE FIRST DAY

WORD ROOTS

– Gastr/o- /ˈɡastr(əʊ)/: Stomach

– Enter/o- /ˈɛntər(əʊ)/: Small intestine

– Proct/o- /ˈprɒkt(əʊ)/: Anus

SUFFIXES

-Logy /lədʒi/: Study of

-Logist /lədʒɪst/: Specialist in a field of study

PREFIX

– Peri- /ˈpɛri/: Around

VIII. EXERCISE

EXERCISE 1-1 DEFINING TERMS

Combine the suffix -logy with the proper root to indicate the following medical specialties.

1. Specialty that is concerned with disorders of the stomach and intestines____________________________

2. Specialty concerned with the disorders of the rectum and anus____________________________

3. Specialty concerned with the liver and its diseases __________________________

EXERCISE 1-2 FILL IN THE BLANK

Fill in the blank with the correct answers.

1. The prefix peri- denotes _______________.

2. The suffix -logy means _______________.

3. The word root enter/o refers to _______________.

4. The medical term gastro.entero.logist contains two _______________ and one

_______________.

5. The study of the disorders of the rectum and anus is called _______________.

6. Specialist in a field of study is indicated by the suffix _______________.

EXERCISE 1-3 MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. What is another term for hepato.logist?

a. Kidney specialist

b. Heart specialist

c. Liver specialist

d. E.N.T doctor

2. Specialist who diagnoses and treats digestive disorders is called______________

a. Hepato.logist

b. Procto.logist

c. Cardio.logist

d. Gastro.entero.logist

3. _____________________ is more commonly known as procto.logist.

a. Cardio.logist

b. Hepato.logist

c. Colo.rectal surgeon

d. Kidney specialist

4. Which of the following is the same as GI doctor?

a. Liver specialist

b. E.N.T doctor

c. Cardio.logist

d. Gastro.entero.logist

_______________________________________________

Categorised in: từ vựng y học, tiếng anh y học - tiếng anh chuyên ngành

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